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Frequent Asked Questions

Learning disabilities do not go away. Your brain will still work differently as an adult, but you will have learned many new skills and ways of getting around your difficulties. Adults with LD who find a career where they can use their strengths and get around their difficulties can be very successful.

Can learning disabilities get worse as a person ages? Learning disabilities can present new challenges as your life changes, especially if you are adjusting to a new set of demands like a job change or parenthood. These transitions can cause stress and increase a sense of struggling.

A person with an IQ of less than 20 would be described as having a profound learning disability. A person with an IQ of 20-34, a severe learning disability.  A person with an IQ of 35-49, moderate learning disability. A person with an IQ of 50-70, mild learning disability.

Slow learners typically do not have a disability, even though they need extra support. Cognitive abilities are too high for these learners to be considered for an Intellectual Disability. However, the abilities are usually too low to be considered for a Learning Disability.

Misconception 3: Learning disabilities usually correspond with a low IQ. “If a person’s intellectual capacity is below normal, their problems learning are not said to stem from a learning disability. Again, these are processing disorders that occur for reasons other than diminished cognitive ability

5 Types of learning difficulties. … No two individuals with a learning difficulty are exactly alike and many conditions, such as dyslexia, attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia, exist on a wide-spectrum

In many cases, the cause of a learning disability is not known. … Certain types of learning disabilities, such as dyslexia, can be inherited. Learning disabilities are not the same as mental retardation, autism, deafness, blindness, or behavioral disorders.

A Psychologist (preferably with educational and/or developmental training) in the identification of a specific learning disability such as Dyslexia, Language-based Dysgraphia or Dyscalculia. An Occupational Therapist in the diagnosis of Motor-based Dysgraphia or Developmental Coordination Disorder.

Learning disabilities are neurologically-based processing problems. These processing problems can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math. … Generally speaking, people with learning disabilities are of average or above average intelligence.

Why Anxiety Is Common in Kids With Learning and Attention Issues. … In some cases, the difficulties that come with their issues create anxiety. In other cases, there may be a genetic link between anxiety disorders and certain learning and attention issues. The level of overlap between these issues can be high.

Help for Adults with Learning Disabilities. Learning disabilities affect adults as well as children. For many adults, however, difficulties in learning lead to difficulties in employment, education, and the rest of daily life.

The causes of learning disabilities vary and may be related to prenatal health, so it may be possible to reduce the risk of these problems in your child by maintaining a healthy lifestyle while pregnant.

Learning disabilities are traditionally diagnosed by conducting two tests and noticing a significant discrepancy between their scores. These tests are an intelligence (or IQ) test and a standardized achievement (reading, writing, arithmetic) test.

Having a learning disability means that people find it harder to learn certain life skills. … Someone with mild disabilities may be able to live independently with minimal support, whereas someone with severe and profound disabilities may require 24 hour care, and help with performing most daily living skills.

A Learning Disability refers to someone who has an IQ lower than 70, who are intellectually delayed in every aspect of his or her life. Learning Disabilities can be mild, moderate, severe or profound. … A Learning Difficulty normally refers to a difficulty in learning that’s more specific and not global.

If a child has any of these disorders, their experience with learning may be completely different to that of other children. They are highly likely to have difficulty interpreting information in a way that is compatible with traditional teaching and schooling methods. With dyslexia, the child may struggle with letter/word recognition or understanding words and phrases. With dyscalculia, they may struggle to memorize and organize numbers or tell the time. With dysgraphia, they may struggle with spelling, organizing information to write, or the act of writing itself.

“Special Needs” is a term referring to all disorders, disabilities and conditions that require additional support. “Learning Disabilities” is just one specification belonging to this term. LD’s are not the equivalent to the learning problems that come as a result of needs such as visual, hearing or motor disabilities, intellectual impairment, emotional disturbance or environmental, cultural or economic disadvantage.

More common than most think. An average of 10% of the world’s population have some form of a learning disability; in 2014, 2.4 million publicly-schooled children in the US alone were identified as having a learning disability under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

The causes of LD’s remain misunderstood. They are genetic components and are usually hereditary, but can also be developed as a result of problems during pregnancy and birth, or due to accidents after birth. LD’s can be discovered at any age, but are usually diagnosed between the ages of three and thirteen. Symptoms are varied and contingent on the age of the child. In early childhood, children may have difficulty pronouncing words and rhyming. Between the ages of five and nine years old, they may have difficulty with spelling, telling the time and remembering sequences. In the early teen years their difficulties may be with reading comprehension, handwriting or organizational skills.

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are not strictly learning disabilities, but often pose as barriers to learning, particularly in the classroom setting. Children with ADD/ADHD may be inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive or have trouble paying attention and controlling their behavior. Whilst not an LD, both disorders usually require additional learning support and alternative teaching methods to help the child focus, stay calm and be attentive.

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